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"Photo of the Week (or Day)" 2017  |  "Photo of the Week (or Day)" 2004 - 2017"  |  Photo Gallery 2002 - Present

April Calendar - Updated  04/01/2017
April Calendar: Nationwide & Local
カレンダー4:  全米  |  ローカル                       

Minneapolis, Minnesota Weather Forecast and Conditions  Weather Channel   
our photos:  Weather  

Nature Notes:   2015  | 2016  
 

Global Terror 2016  | War on Terror  |  ISIS  

photos:  Minnesota Spring   

2017 Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series Schedule | NASCAR.com

March Madness - 2017 NCAA Tournament Bracket  March 16 - April 3, 2017
Final Four:   Letter 46:  English  |  Japanese

Around the end of March: It's Spring Break time!   For more info on "Spring break", read Letter 39 レター 39    春休み

April 1st: April Fools Day(エイプリルフールズデー) Letter 43 | レター  43 

Schedule | MLB.com  2017 April 2 -


Lent   Letter 51:  English  |  Japanese 

April 9, 2017    Palm Sunday

April 16, 2017    Easter Sunday

April 18, 2017    Tax Day

2017 Masters Tournament  April 6 - 9
2017 Masters -- Sergio Garcia takes first major championship with playoff victory  ESPN


 

12576 170410    born April 10, 1794      Matthew C. Perry
Matthew C. Perry - Diplomat, Military Leader - Biography.com
Matthew C. Perry - Wikipedia  April 10, 1794 – March 4, 1858, a Commodore of the United States Navy and commanded a number of ships. He served in several wars, most notably in the Mexican–American War and the War of 1812. He played a leading role in the opening of Japan to the West with the Convention of Kanagawa in 1854.
Commodore Matthew C. Perry - The Man Who Unlocked Japan - YouTube
Rhode Island  |  Black Ships 
Presidents    Millard Fillmore        #13  

12575 170410  Nature Notes, St. Paul, Minnesota
April 10, 2017:  Rain, Temp: 35 F (2 C)    Egrets, Sparrows (unidentified), Crows (calls), Mallards, bird calls (unidentified)
A young White-tailed deer crossing the trail just in front of us   
Western Chorus Frog calls
Shrubs continue to leaf out, Some Maples with inconspicuous flowers begin to leaf out, Some trees (unidentified) begin to leaf out
Nature Notes 2017

12574 170410  Top 50 Songs This Week & Top 100 Hits of 2017 (Today's Best New Music Playlist) - YouTube
Music

12573 170410    
born April 10, 1847    Joseph Pulitzer
The Pulitzer Prizes

Joseph Pulitzer | American newspaper publisher | Britannica.com
Joseph Pulitzer - Wikipedia
 
April 10, 1847 – October 29, 1911, a Hungarian-American newspaper publisher of the St. Louis Post Dispatch and the New York World.  ...  Today, he is best known for the Pulitzer Prizes, which were established in 1917 by money he bequeathed to Columbia University to recognize artistic and journalistic achievements in the United States.
Yellow journalism - Wikipedia


12572 170409 
Why the Tomahawk Missile Was Trump's Weapon of Choice Against Syria  Popular Mechanics, 04/07/2017
Putin Could Have Tried to Shoot Down Trump's Missiles. Why Didn't He?
  Popular Mechanics, 04/07/2017
12561 170407  U.S. Launches Missiles at Syrian Base Over Chemical Weapons Attack - NBC News  04/07/2017
US polarizes world with attack on Syrian regime  Deutsche Welle, 04/07/2017
Putin believes US attack on Syria violates international law - spokesman,  Russia Today, 04/07/2017
Timeline of the Syrian Civil War (January–April 2017) - Wikipedia


12571 170409 
Stylish living room furniture trends  Deutsche Welle, 04/09/2017

12570 170409      born c. 563 BCE/480 BCE    Buddha
Buddhists celebrate birth of Gautama Buddha - Apr 08, 563 - HISTORY.com
Buddha - Religious Figure - Biography.com  born in Nepal
The Life Of The Buddha Full BBC Documentary - YouTube  born in Nepal
The Top 5 Buddhist Teachings That Will Change Your Life - YouTube
Gautama Buddha - Wikipedia 
c. 563 BCE/480 BCE – c. 483 BCE/400 BCE, also known as Siddhārtha Gautama, Shakyamuni Buddha, or simply the Buddha, after the title of Buddha, was an ascetic (śramaṇa) and sage, on whose teachings Buddhism was founded. He is believed to have lived and taught mostly in the eastern part of ancient India sometime between the sixth and fourth centuries BCE.
******************************************
******************************************
April 8, 2017  Hana matsuri (Flower Festival)
Buddha's Birthday - Wikipedia  2.1.5  Japan
Info from Explore Japan Info
b

12569 170409   Mark Twain receives steamboat pilot’s license - Apr 09, 1859 - HISTORY.com

12568 170409   Marian Anderson Sings at Lincoln Memorial - YouTube  April 9, 1939
Marian Anderson - Wikipedia 
February 27, 1897 – April 8, 1993, an American contralto and one of the most celebrated singers of the twentieth century. ...  Anderson became an important figure in the struggle for black artists to overcome racial prejudice in the United States during the mid-twentieth century. In 1939, the Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) refused permission for Anderson to sing to an integrated audience in Constitution Hall. The incident placed Anderson into the spotlight of the international community on a level unusual for a classical musician. With the aid of First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt and her husband Franklin D. Roosevelt, Anderson performed a critically acclaimed open-air concert on Easter Sunday, April 9, 1939, on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C. She sang before a crowd of more than 75,000 people and a radio audience in the millions. Anderson continued to break barriers for black artists in the United States, becoming the first black person, American or otherwise, to perform at the Metropolitan Opera in New York City on January 7, 1955.
Daughters of the American Revolution - Wikipedia

DAR Constitution Hall - Wikipedia
Sons of the American Revolution - Wikipedia
Presidents:    Eleanor Roosevelt     |     Franklin D. Roosevelt    #32

12567 170409  Octopuses can basically edit their own genes on the fly  Popular Science, 04/06/2017
Fish

12566 170408  A Brain-Invading Parasite Is Believed to Be Spreading Because of Climate Change  Gizmodo, 04/08/2017
Rare Parasitic Worm Cases Spike in Maui  LiveScience, 04/07/2017
Climate Change  |  Hawaii

12565 170408  Defiant theologian Dietrich Bonhoeffer is hanged - Apr 08, 1945 - HISTORY.com  WWII, Germany
WWII

12565 170408    born April 1, 1920    Toshiro Mifune
Toshirô Mifune - IMDb
Toshiro Mifune - Wikipedia 
April 1, 1920 – December 24, 1997, a Japanese actor who appeared in almost 170 feature films. He is best known for his 16-film collaboration (1948–65) with filmmaker Akira Kurosawa in such works as Rashomon, Seven Samurai, The Hidden Fortress, Throne of Blood, and Yojimbo.
Info from Explore Japan Info

12564 170408 
2017 "ice-out"  March 20 - March 27, Lake Phalen, St. Paul, MN
Ice-out
photos:  Minnesota Spring

12563 170408  Nature Notes, St. Paul, Minnesota
April 8, 2017:  Sunny, Temp: 70 F    a Blue Jay, House Sparrows, Sparrows (most likely Fox Sparrows), Chickadee spring calls, Northern Cardinal calls, Canada Geese, Crow calls, Mallards, a Blue Heron flying overhead
a White-tailed Deer crossing the road just before our car, Pocket Gopher Mounds,
Some shrubs begin to leaf out, Grass, Moss, Lichens
Nature Notes 2017

12562 170408 
Scully calls Aaron's historic 715th home run - YouTube  April 8, 1974
Hank Aaron - Wikipedia  MLB


12561 170407  U.S. Launches Missiles at Syrian Base Over Chemical Weapons Attack - NBC News  04/07/2017
US polarizes world with attack on Syrian regime  Deutsche Welle, 04/07/2017
Putin believes US attack on Syria violates international law - spokesman,  Russia Today, 04/07/2017
Timeline of the Syrian Civil War (January–April 2017) - Wikipedia

12560 170407  Welcome Roots and Blues Fans! - Roots and Bluegrass Festival - River Falls WI Blues Festival Wisconsin  April 7 - 9, 2017, River Falls, WI
Lowertown Roots Music Festival (Folk Festival) Mike Farris, Los Conocidos, Butch Thompson & Friends, etc.
2011- 2013
Washington County Bluegrass Festival  annual event
Lowertown Blues & Funk Festival  annual event  2014 - 
Music

12559 170407  The Rwandan genocide - Apr 07, 1994 - HISTORY.com  Civil War erupts in Rwanda, Africa.
Rwanda - Wikipedia 
100 Days Of Slaughter | The Triumph Of Evil | FRONTLINE | PBS
Rwandan Genocide | 3 Minute History - YouTube
Presidents:    Bill Clinton    #42 

12558 170407     born April 7, 1915    Billie Holiday
Billie Holiday - Mini Bio - YouTube
Billie Holiday - Singer - Biography.com
Billie Holiday - Wikipedia 
Eleanora Fagan, April 7, 1915 – July 17, 1959, professionally known as Billie Holiday, was an American jazz musician and singer-songwriter with a career spanning nearly thirty years. Nicknamed "Lady Day" by her friend and music partner Lester Young, Holiday had a seminal influence on jazz music and pop singing. Her vocal style, strongly inspired by jazz instrumentalists, pioneered a new way of manipulating phrasing and tempo. She was known for her vocal delivery and improvisational skills, which made up for her limited range and lack of formal music education. There were other jazz singers with equal talent, but Holiday had a voice that captured the attention of her audience.
Billie Holiday - Topic - YouTube
Billie Holiday - All of me - YouTube
Billie Holiday - i´ll be seeing you - YouTube
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania  |  Music


12557 170407     born April 7, 1873    John McGraw

McGraw, John | Baseball Hall of Fame
John McGraw - Wikipedia
 
April 7, 1873 – February 25, 1934, nicknamed "Little Napoleon" and "Mugsy", was a Major League Baseball (MLB) player and long-time manager of the New York Giants.
John McGraw | American baseball player and manager | Britannica.com
New York 


12556 170406  America enters World War I - Apr 06, 1917 - HISTORY.com 
Presidents:    Woodrow Wilson    #28

12555 170406    born April 3, 1783     Washington Irving 
Washington Irving Biography - Facts, Birthday, Life Story - Biography.com
Washington Irving - Wikipedia 
He is best known for his short stories "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" and "Rip Van Winkle"  April 3, 1783 – November 28, 1859, an American author, essayist, biographer, historian, and diplomat of the early 19th century
Washington Irving - IMDb
Fairies +   |  Fairy Tales & Kids Books - People 

New York

12554 170406    born April 6, 1928    James Watson   
James Watson - Facts  NobelPrize.org
James D. Watson - Academic, Biologist, Geneticist, Zoologist, Scientist - Biography.com

James Watson - Wikipedia
 
born April 6, 1928, an American molecular biologist, geneticist and zoologist, best known as one of the co-discoverers of the structure of DNA in 1953 with Francis Crick and Rosalind Franklin. Watson, Crick, and Maurice Wilkins were awarded the 1962 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine "for their discoveries concerning the molecular structure of nucleic acids and its significance for information transfer in living material".
DNA Story - Watson and Crick - YouTube 
What is DNA and How Does it Work? - YouTube
Chicago, Illinois

Rosalind Franklin - Chemist, Scientist, Scientist - Biography.com
Rosalind Franklin - Wikipedia 
25 July 1920 – 16 April 1958, an English chemist and X-ray crystallographer who made contributions to the understanding of the molecular structures of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid), RNA (ribonucleic acid), viruses, coal, and graphite. Although her works on coal and viruses were appreciated in her lifetime, her contributions to the discovery of the structure of DNA were largely recognized posthumously.

12553 170406  U.S. Drivers Waste $2.1 Billion Annually on Premium Gasoline | AAA NewsRoom
GasBuddy.com - Find Low Gas Prices in the USA and Canada
Twin Cities area - Average Price:  $2.31 / Gallon, April 6, 2017

Gas Prices

12521 170329-0406  Nature Notes, St. Paul, Minnesota
April 6, 2017:  Sunny    Chickadees (alarm calls, spring calls), Northern Cardinal calls, Robins* (calls), Mallards, Canada Geese (calls), Killdeers* (calls), a Blue-winged Teal** pair, Ring-necked Ducks*, RW Blackbirds* (calls), a Downy Woodpecker, Wood Ducks,
a Gray Squirrel, Squirrel nests, a Cottontail rabbit (two birders spotted), a Muskrat

April 5, 2017:  Sunny    An Egret, a Chickadee, Robin calls, Northern Cardinal calls, Red-winged Blackbirds, Sparrows; most likely Fox Sparrows, a Gull flying overhead, Mallards flying overhead, a medium-sized gray bird on the utility line (unidentified)
Pocket Gopher Mounds
Western Chorus Frog calls
April 4, 2017:  Sunny    Egrets, Blue Herons, Chickadees, Robins, Mallards, Canada Geese; Geese incubate on nests, Killdeers, Red-winged Blackbirds (calls), Wood Ducks, a medium-sized brown bird with calls (unidentified), Crows,
Muskrats, a Muskrat lodge, Gray Squirrels, a Cottontail Rabbit (info from O & A)
Our first Painted Turtle sunning on the log, of the season
Western Chorus Frog calls
April 3, 2017:  Rain
April 2, 2017:  Cloudy    One Bald Eagle parent incubates on the nest while its partner stands guard on a nearby branch, Mallards, Canada Geese, Red-winged Blackbirds* (calls), Red-breasted Mergansers**, Ring-necked Ducks*, a Northern Cardinal pair, Chickadees, Crows (calls), Robins*, Killdeers*: mating games?, Juncos***, a bird on the utility line (unidentified), No Mallard nests were found.
Killdeer Mating Games - YouTube
Gray Squirrels
Western Chorus Frog calls
April 1, 2017:  Sunny    an Egret* at close range, Chickadees (spring calls), Mallards, Crows, Red-winged Blackbirds*, a Fox Sparrow*, Red-bellied Woodpecker calls**, Song Sparrow** calls (most likely), Nuthatch calls?, a bird on the utility line (unidentified), a Mourning Dove** on the utility line (most likely)
Pocket Gopher Mounds
Western Chorus Frog calls
March 31, 2017:  Sunny    an Egret**, Blue Herons*, a male Northern Cardinal (calls), Red-winged Blackbirds* (calls), Crows, Mallards, Canada Geese, Killdeers*, Ring-necked Ducks*, Wood Ducks*, a few birds perching on the utility line (unidentified)
Muskrats, two Gray Squirrels chase each other,
Why Do Squirrels Chase Each Othe
r?
March 30, 2017:  Cloudy     Robins*, Fox Sparrows**, a male Northern Cardinal (calls), Crow calls, Mallards flying overhead, a few small birds? (could be swallows) perching on utility lines
a Gray Squirrel, a herd of deer (a family of three White-tailed Deer
) at close range
March 29, 2017:  Mallards, Canada Geese, Ring-necked Ducks*, a Ring-billed Gull*, Wood Ducks*, Killdeers*, Red-winged Blackbirds* (calls), a Blue Heron*, a Hooded Merganser** pair, a Mallard pair seems to look for its nesting site
a Gray Squirrel

March 28, 2017:  Canada Geese: a parent incubates on the nest, House Finches** return to the old nests
Crow mobbing, a Robin* (calls), Red-winged Blackbirds*
our first Western Chorus Frog calls
March 27, 2017: 
Mallards, Robins* (calls), Canada Geese, a Blue Heron**, Red-winged Blackbirds* (calls), a Blue Jay (calls), Dark-eyed Juncos***, Killdeers**, Wood Ducks**, Ring-necked Ducks* (several pairs), a white bird (unidentified), Male downy woodpecker?,
Many Muskrats, a Red Squirrel, Gray Squirrels,
Maple sap collection time
2017 "ice-out"  March 20 - March 27, as long as we observed.
*  **  ***   Migratory birds:  **  Our first sighting of the season, *** Dark-eyed Juncos stay here in Minnesota in the winter and in the spring they migrate north.
Wildlife    

12552 170405  The Duplex by Glenn McCoy and Gary McCoy for Apr 2, 2017 Read Comic Strips at GoComics.com
Dustin Comic Strip for March 29, 2017 Comics Kingdom
Dustin Comic Strip for April 04, 2017 Comics Kingdom

Funnies

12551 170405  Hippo conservation in Togo  Deutsche Welle, 04/03/2017
Conservation 

12550 170405    born April 5, 1856    Booker T. Washington
Biography.com  Booker T. Washington: Educator, Civil Rights Activist
Booker T. Washington - Mini Biography - YouTube

Tuskegee University - Wikipedia  Alabama
Civil Rights Activists  |  Virginia  
 

12549 170405  James Brown calms Boston following the King assassination - Apr 05, 1968 - HISTORY.com
Dr. King is assassinated - Apr 04, 1968 - HISTORY.com
James Brown & His Fans at the Boston Garden (Live) - YouTube

Martin Luther King, Jr.  |  Music

12521 170329-0405  Nature Notes, St. Paul, Minnesota
April 5, 2017:  Sunny    An Egret, a Chickadee, Robin calls, Northern Cardinal calls, Red-winged Blackbirds, Sparrows; most likely Fox Sparrows, a Gull flying overhead, Mallards flying overhead, a medium-sized gray bird on the utility line (unidentified)
Pocket Gopher Mounds
Western Chorus Frog calls
April 4, 2017:  Sunny    Egrets, Blue Herons, Chickadees, Robins, Mallards, Canada Geese; Geese incubate on nests, Killdeers, Red-winged Blackbirds (calls), Wood Ducks, a medium-sized brown bird with calls (unidentified), Crows,
Muskrats, a Muskrat lodge, Gray Squirrels, a Cottontail Rabbit (info from O & A)
Our first Painted Turtle sunning on the log, of the season
Western Chorus Frog calls
April 3, 2017:  Rain
April 2, 2017:  Cloudy    One Bald Eagle parent incubates on the nest while its partner stands guard on a nearby branch, Mallards, Canada Geese, Red-winged Blackbirds* (calls), Red-breasted Mergansers**, Ring-necked Ducks*, a Northern Cardinal pair, Chickadees, Crows (calls), Robins*, Killdeers*: mating games?, Juncos***, a bird on the utility line (unidentified), No Mallard nests were found.
Killdeer Mating Games - YouTube
Gray Squirrels
Western Chorus Frog calls
April 1, 2017:  Sunny    an Egret* at close range, Chickadees (spring calls), Mallards, Crows, Red-winged Blackbirds*, a Fox Sparrow*, Red-bellied Woodpecker calls**, Song Sparrow** calls (most likely), Nuthatch calls?, a bird on the utility line (unidentified), a Mourning Dove** on the utility line (most likely)
Pocket Gopher Mounds
Western Chorus Frog calls
March 31, 2017:  Sunny    an Egret**, Blue Herons*, a male Northern Cardinal (calls), Red-winged Blackbirds* (calls), Crows, Mallards, Canada Geese, Killdeers*, Ring-necked Ducks*, Wood Ducks*, a few birds perching on the utility line (unidentified)
Muskrats, two Gray Squirrels chase each other,
Why Do Squirrels Chase Each Othe
r?
March 30, 2017:  Cloudy     Robins*, Fox Sparrows**, a male Northern Cardinal (calls),
Crow calls, Mallards flying overhead, a few small birds? (could be swallows) perching on utility lines
a Gray Squirrel, a herd of deer (a family of three White-tailed Deer
) at close range
March 29, 2017:  Mallards, Canada Geese, Ring-necked Ducks*, a Ring-billed Gull*, Wood Ducks*, Killdeers*, Red-winged Blackbirds* (calls), a Blue Heron*, a Hooded Merganser** pair, a Mallard pair seems to look for its nesting site
a Gray Squirrel

March 28, 2017:  Canada Geese: a parent incubates on the nest, House Finches** return to the old nests
Crow mobbing, a Robin* (calls), Red-winged Blackbirds*
our first Western Chorus Frog calls
March 27, 2017: 
Mallards, Robins* (calls), Canada Geese, a Blue Heron**, Red-winged Blackbirds* (calls), a Blue Jay (calls), Dark-eyed Juncos***, Killdeers**, Wood Ducks**, Ring-necked Ducks* (several pairs), a white bird (unidentified), Male downy woodpecker?,
Many Muskrats, a Red Squirrel, Gray Squirrels,
Maple sap collection time
2017 "ice-out"  March 20 - March 27, as long as we observed.
*  **  ***   Migratory birds:  **  Our first sighting of the season, *** Dark-eyed Juncos stay here in Minnesota in the winter and in the spring they migrate north.
Wildlife

12548 170404  Lightning kills: Which outdoor activity ranks no. 1 for fatal strikes? MSN 04/04/2017
NWS Lightning Safety Home Page
Lightning Safety with LeeAnn Allegretto - YouTube
How to Survive a Lightning Strike - YouTube


12547 170404     born April 4, 1928    Maya Angelou
Biography.com  Maya Angelou
Maya Angelou - I know why the Caged Bird Sings - YouTube
Maya Angelou Reciting her Poem "On the Pulse of Morning" - YouTube  at Clinton's 1993 inauguration
Maya Angelou - Wikipedia 
April 4, 1928 – May 28, 2014, an American poet, memoirist, and civil rights activist. ...
Missouri  |  Civil Rights   


12546 170404  Lincoln dreams about a presidential assassination - Apr 04, 1865 - HISTORY.com
Presidents    Abraham Lincoln    #16

12545 170404  Graphene sieve turns seawater into drinking water  Phys.org, 04/03/2017

12544 170404     born April 4, 1913    Muddy Waters
Muddy Waters - Guitarist, Songwriter, Singer - Biography.com 
April 4, 1913  – April 30, 1983
Muddy Waters - Topic - YouTube
Muddy Waters is born - Apr 04, 1913 - HISTORY.com
Muddy Waters & The Rolling Stones - Baby Please Don't Go - Live At Checkerboard Lounge - YouTube
Muddy Waters - Champagne & Reefer - YouTube
I'm Your Hoochie Coochie Man - Muddy Waters - YouTube
Mississippi  |  Chicago, Illinois  |  Music


12543 170403  2017 ACM Awards - Academy of Country Music - CBS.com
April 2, 2017, Las Vegas, Nevada

Awards Calendar

12542 170403     born April 3, 1924    Marlon Brando
Biography: Marlon Brando Mini Bio - YouTube
Marlon Brando - IMDb
Marlon Brando - Film Actor, Actor - Biography.com
Marlon Brando - Wikipedia  April 3, 1924 – July 1, 2004, an American actor, film director and activist.


12541 170403  Pony Express United States history Britannica.com
Pony Express - Wikipedia  April 3, 1860 - October 24, 1861
The Surprisingly Short History of the Pony Express - YouTube

Mail Services

12535 170402-0403  National Championship U.N.C. Wins 6th N.C.A.A Title - The New York Times
March Madness - 2017 NCAA Tournament Bracket  March 16 - April 3, 2017
2017 National Championship Game:  Gonzaga (Washington) vs. North Carolina; April 3, 2017, Glendale, Arizona

Final Four:  South Carolina vs. Gonzaga; Oregon vs. North Carolina; April 1, 2017
Final Four:   Letter 46:  English  |  Japanese  
North Carolina

12540 170402  Officer breaks silence on why she fatally shot an unarmed black man - CBS News  04/02/2017
America
 
12539 170402-0403  DI Women's College Basketball - Bracket NCAA.com   - April 2, 2017
South Carolina Wins 1st-Ever NCAA Women's Championship over Mississippi St | Bleacher Report
2017 National Championship Game:  Mississippi St. vs. South Carolina, April 2, 2017, Dallas, Texas
Final Four:  U Conn vs. Mississippi St.; Stanford vs. South Carolina

Final Four:   Letter 46:  English  |  Japanese  
South Carolina

12538 170402  Weekend Box Office Results for March 31-April 2, 2017 - Box Office Mojo
The Boss Baby (2017) - IMDb  2  Beauty and the Beast (2017)  3  Ghost in the Shell (2017) - IMDb
Ghost in the Shell Official Trailer 1 (2017) - Scarlett Johansson Movie - YouTube


12537 170402    born April 2, 1805     Hans Christian Andersen
Hans Christian Andersen Biography - Facts, Birthday, Life Story - Biography.com

Hans Christian Andersen - IMDb
Hans Christian Andersen - Wikipedia  Danish author and poet


12536 170402    born April 2, 1725    Giacomo Casanova   
Biography.com Casanova  
Casanova (2005) Official Trailer #1 - Heath Ledger Movie HD - YouTube
Giacomo Casanova - Wikipedia  2 April 1725 – 4 June 1798, an Italian adventurer and author from the Republic of Venice. His autobiography, Histoire de ma vie (Story of My Life), is regarded as one of the most authentic sources of the customs and norms of European social life during the 18th century.

13 Casanova Seduction Weapons - YouTube

12535 170402  March Madness - 2017 NCAA Tournament Bracket  March 16 - April 3, 2017
2017 National Championship Game:  Gonzaga (Washington) vs. North Carolina; April 3, 2017, Glendale, Arizona

Final Four:  South Carolina vs. Gonzaga; Oregon vs. North Carolina; April 1, 2017
Final Four:   Letter 46:  English  |  Japanese  

12521 170329-0403  Nature Notes, St. Paul, Minnesota
April 3, 2017:  Rain
April 2, 2017:  Cloudy    One Bald Eagle parent incubates on the nest while its partner stands guard on a nearby branch, Mallards, Canada Geese, Red-winged Blackbirds* (calls), Red-breasted Mergansers**, Ring-necked Ducks*, a Northern Cardinal pair, Chickadees, Crows (calls), Robins*, Killdeers*, Juncos***, a bird on the utility line (unidentified), No Mallard nests were found.
Gray Squirrels
Western Chorus Frog calls
April 1, 2017:  Sunny    an Egret* at close range, Chickadees (spring calls), Mallards, Crows, Red-winged Blackbirds*, a Fox Sparrow*, Red-bellied Woodpecker calls**, Song Sparrow** calls (most likely), Nuthatch calls?, a bird on the utility line (unidentified), a Mourning Dove** on the utility line (most likely)
Pocket Gopher Mounds
Western Chorus Frog calls
March 31, 2017:  Sunny    an Egret**, Blue Herons*, a male Northern Cardinal (calls), Red-winged Blackbirds* (calls), Crows, Mallards, Canada Geese, Killdeers*, Ring-necked Ducks*, Wood Ducks*, a few birds perching on the utility line (unidentified)
Muskrats, two Gray Squirrels chase each other,
Why Do Squirrels Chase Each Othe
r?
March 30, 2017:  Cloudy     Robins*, Fox Sparrows**, a male Northern Cardinal (calls),
Crow calls, Mallards flying overhead, a few small birds? (could be swallows) perching on utility lines
a Gray Squirrel, a herd of deer (a family of three White-tailed Deer
) at close range
March 29, 2017:  Mallards, Canada Geese, Ring-necked Ducks*, a Ring-billed Gull*, Wood Ducks*, Killdeers*, Red-winged Blackbirds* (calls), a Blue Heron*, a Hooded Merganser** pair, a Mallard pair seems to look for its nesting site
a Gray Squirrel

March 28, 2017:  Canada Geese: a parent incubates on the nest, House Finches** return to the old nests
Crow mobbing, a Robin* (calls), Red-winged Blackbirds*
our first Western Chorus Frog calls
March 27, 2017: 
Mallards, Robins* (calls), Canada Geese, a Blue Heron**, Red-winged Blackbirds* (calls), a Blue Jay (calls), Dark-eyed Juncos***, Killdeers**, Wood Ducks**, Ring-necked Ducks* (several pairs), a white bird (unidentified), Male downy woodpecker?,
Many Muskrats, a Red Squirrel, Gray Squirrels,
Maple sap collection time
2017 "ice-out"  March 20 - March 27, as long as we observed.
*  **  ***   Migratory birds:  **  Our first sighting of the season, *** Dark-eyed Juncos stay here in Minnesota in the winter and in the spring they migrate north.
Wildlife 

12534 170401 
April
Calendar - Updated  04/01/2017
April Calendar: Nationwide & Local
カレンダー4:  全米  |  ローカル  

12533 170401    born 30 March 1968    Celine Dion
Celine Dion - Mini Biography - YouTube
Celine Dion Biography - Biography.com
Celine Dion - Wikipedia 
CC OQ ChLD; born 30 March 1968, a Canadian singer and businesswoman.
Céline Dion - Topic - YouTube
Music  |  Canada


12532 170401    born April 1, 1815    Otto von Bismarck 
BBC - History - Otto von Bismarck

Otto von Bismarck - Wikipedia  Otto Eduard Leopold, Prince of Bismarck, Duke of Lauenburg, 1 April 1815 – 30 July 1898, known as Otto von Bismarck, a conservative Prussian statesman who dominated German and European affairs from the 1860s until 1890. In the 1860s, he engineered a series of wars that unified the German states, significantly and deliberately excluding Austria, into a powerful German Empire under Prussian leadership. ...
German Unification (Part I The Failure of Liberal Nationalism) - Deutsche Einigung - YouTube  Part I & II
Pat III 
Wars of German Unification (Blood and Iron) - Deutsche Einigungskriege (Blut und Eisen) - YouTube

12521 170329-0401  Nature Notes, St. Paul, Minnesota
April 1, 2017:  Sunny    an Egret* at close range, Chickadees (spring calls), Mallards, Crows, Red-winged Blackbirds*, a Fox Sparrow*, Red-bellied Woodpecker calls**, Song Sparrow** calls (most likely), Nuthatch calls?, a bird on the utility line (unidentified), a Mourning Dove** on the utility line (most likely)
Pocket Gopher Mounds
Western Chorus Frog calls

March 31, 2017:  Sunny    an Egret**, Blue Herons*, a male Northern Cardinal (calls), Red-winged Blackbirds* (calls), Crows, Mallards, Canada Geese, Killdeers*, Ring-necked Ducks*, Wood Ducks*, a few birds perching on the utility line (unidentified)
Muskrats, two Gray Squirrels chase each other,
Why Do Squirrels Chase Each Othe
r?
March 30, 2017:  Cloudy     Robins*, Fox Sparrows**, a male Northern Cardinal (calls),
Crow calls, Mallards flying overhead, a few small birds? (could be swallows) perching on utility lines
a Gray Squirrel, a herd of deer (a family of three White-tailed Deer
) at close range
March 29, 2017:  Mallards, Canada Geese, Ring-necked Ducks*, a Ring-billed Gull*, Wood Ducks*, Killdeers*, Red-winged Blackbirds* (calls), a Blue Heron*, a Hooded Merganser** pair, a Mallard pair seems to look for its nesting site
a Gray Squirrel

March 28, 2017:  Canada Geese: a parent incubates on the nest, House Finches** return to the old nests
Crow mobbing, a Robin* (calls), Red-winged Blackbirds*
our first Western Chorus Frog calls
March 27, 2017: 
Mallards, Robins* (calls), Canada Geese, a Blue Heron**, Red-winged Blackbirds* (calls), a Blue Jay (calls), Dark-eyed Juncos, Killdeers**, Wood Ducks**, Ring-necked Ducks* (several pairs), a white bird (unidentified), Male downy woodpecker?,
Many Muskrats, a Red Squirrel, Gray Squirrels,
Maple sap collection time
2017 "ice-out"  March 20 - March 27, as long as we observed.
*  **  ***   Migratory birds:  **  Our first sighting of the season, *** Dark-eyed Juncos stay here in Minnesota in the winter and in the spring they migrate north.
Wildlife  


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