The Niña and Pinta replica Columbus’ ships  日本語 1    |    Navigation of Columbus  (English)    日本語 2

The Niña, Pinta, and Santa Maria were the three Christopher Columbus’ ships, which came to the New World in 1492. The Niña and Pinta replica Columbus’ ships are docked in Hudson, Wisconsin from August 6, 2010 through August 16, 2010. According to Andy Rathbun’s article in Pioneer Press, the Niña cost about $600,000 and they spent another $2 million to build the Pinta. We’ve learned that this Nina appeared in the 1992 movie,
1492: Conquest of Paradise.” (see a Trailer on Google Video). The Columbus Foundation of the British Virgin Islands owns and operates the ships. Visit the web site, < > for more info on the Foundation and the replica ships.
Info Source – Andy Rathbun:
A VOYAGE into the age of COLUMBUS   ----   Visitors to the Hudson Docks can get a taste of life in 1492 by touring replicas of two of explorer’s famous ships.”  Local Section,
St. Paul Pioneer Press, August 6, 2010
More info:
Replica Niña, Pinta dock in Michigan City The Niña and Pinta, a time of wooden ships and iron men (Hudson, WI)

The Pinta and Niña replica 100825

The Niña replica 100825 |  Niña's Wooden Windlass 100903

Captain of the Niña, Morgan 100910 |  Captain (of the Pinta?), Joe 100910 

Crew Members Tim and Dave sitting next to the wooden tiller and rudder of the Pinta 100825 | Crew Member Dave 100903

Pinta's Rudder & Tiller 100903 A visitor to the Niña asked a crew member, “Where is the steering wheel?”  We thought that her question was a very good question.
A Small Cannon  100910

Columbus mistakes manatees for mermaids - Jan 09, 1493 -
Christopher Columbus Thought Manatees Were Mermaids Azula - YouTube

Mermaid photos  |  Columbus Ships  |  Florida

Famous Historical Ships: Warships to Cruise Ships  Santa Maria, Mayflower and so on. "Carly, Thank you for this site link."


Christopher Columbus

11763 161010  2nd Mon. in October October 10, 2016  Columbus Day   Letter 7 | レター 7  

History vs. Christopher Columbus - Alex Gendler - YouTube
History Buffs: 1492 Conquest of Paradise - YouTube
Christopher Columbus: What Really Happened - YouTube   ???

10371 151030    c. October 31, 1451    Happy birthday Christopher Columbus!
Christopher Columbus biography - Italian explorer  Christopher Columbus  c. October 31, 1451 - May 20, 1506
What does the letter c in front of a date in history mea? |
Christopher Columbus - Wikipedia 
born between 31 October 1450 and 30 October 1451, Genoa; died 20 May 1506, Valladolid, an Italian explorer, navigator, colonizer ...
Columbus Ships photos

10287 151011-1013  Columbus' 'legacy' takes hits during St. Paul's first-ever Indigenous Peoples Day -
Columbus Statue Celebrates Genocide, Should Be Removed From Capitol, Say Native Americans | The UpTake
Columbus Day is a reminder that nothing exists until a white guy “discovers” it - Quartz
Even More Cities Join Movement to Rename Columbus Day to Indigenous Peoples' Day  News.Mic
On Columbus Day, more cities recognizing Native Americans - CBS News
Indigenous Peoples' Day - Wikipedia 
Native American Day - Wikipedia
Top 15 Most Famous Native Americans - Listverse
Native Americans
Oct. 12, 2015   2nd Mon. in October Columbus Day   Letter 7 | レター 7   Check out our Columbus' Ships photos 
10277 151009  History Channel Documentary about Columbus Part 1 - YouTube      Part 1  - Part 7
10259 151005  October 12, 2015, Columbus Day    2nd Mon. in Oct.
2015 Columbus Day Parade - Baltimore Sun
2011 Baltimore Maryland Columbus Day Parade - YouTube
Oct. 12, 2015   2nd Mon. in October Columbus Day   Letter 7 | レター 7   Check out our Columbus' Ships photos

7422 141012-1013  2nd Mon. in October October 13, 2014  Columbus Day   Letter 7 | レター 7  
Check out our Columbus' Ships photos  |  Navigation of Columbus
Columbus Day - Wikipedia
1492: Conquest of Paradise (1992) - IMDb

1492: Conquest of Paradise Trailer [HD] - YouTube
1492 Conquest of Paradise (1992)   YouTube (movie)
Christopher Columbus Biography  Italian Explorer (c. October 31, 1451 - May 20, 1506)
Christopher Columbus - Wikipedia  between October 31, 1450 and October 30, 1451 - May 20, 1506,
a Genoese explorer, navigator, and colonizer
Christopher Columbus - Exploration -
Journal, by Christopher Columbus 1451-1506 Bartolome de Las Casasc.1490-1558  Maryland Institute for Technology in the Humanities, University of Maryland
Voyages of Christopher Columbus - Wikipedia
Columbus Letter on the First Voyage - Wikipedia

3770 131014  Columbus Day  Monday, October 14, 2013
2nd Mon. in October Columbus Day   Letter 7 | レター 7  
Columbus Day - Wikipedia

Voyages of Christopher Columbus - Wikipedia
Christopher Columbus - Wikipedia  |  Isabella I of Castile - Wikipedia
1492 (Columbus sighting land) - YouTube  |  1492 A Conquista do Paraiso - HD (Legendado) [1492 Conquest of Paradise.] - YouTube  (English, Full Movie)
Amerigo Vespucci - Wikipedia

Egg of Columbus - Wikipedia
Who Really Discovered America - YouTube

5991 140513  500-year-old mystery: Wreck off Haiti may be Christopher Columbus' flagship Santa Maria  (CNN, Jethro Mullen and Haimy Assefa, 05/13/2014)

Reconquest of Spain - Jan 02, 1492 - - The kingdom of Granada falls to the Christian forces of King Ferdinand V and Queen Isabella I, and the Moors lose their last foothold in Spain.
Christopher Columbus

Columbus sets sail - Aug 03, 1492 -
Columbus ships

Leif Erikson - Wikipedia   c. 970 – c. 1020, a Norse explorer from Iceland. He was the first known European to have set foot on continental North America (excluding Greenland), before Christopher Columbus.  
Leif Eriksson - The First European in North America - YouTube

Leif Erickson Tunnel completes 1,593-mile I-35 - Oct 28, 1992 -
Duluth Minnesota
Leif Erikson Day - Wikipedia

The Origin of Leif Erikson Park The Duluth Experience
Linda's Thoughts from Duluth The Rose Garden-Leif Erickson Park - Duluth, MN
Columbus Ships' photos

10974 160309-0310    March 9, 1454     Happy birthday Amerigo Vespucci!  Amerigo Vespucci
Amerigo Vespucci - Wikipedia  March 9, 1454 – February 22, 1512) was an
Italian explorer, financier, navigator and cartographer ...  
Known For - Demonstrating that the
New World was not Asia but a previously unknown fourth continent.
Martin Waldseemüller - Wikipedia  11 September 1470 – 16 March 1520, a German cartographer. He and Matthias Ringmann are credited with the first recorded usage of the word America, on the 1507 map Universalis Cosmographia in honour of the Florentine explorer Amerigo Vespucci. ...
Amerigo Vespucci - Exploration -
Americas - Wikipedia
Gerardus Mercator - Wikipedia  March 5, 1512 - December 2, 1594,
a cartographer, philosopher and mathematician.  Belgium/Germany?

11132 160410    born c. 1460 -1474    Juan Ponce de León  Juan Ponce de León, 1460–1521
Juan Ponce de León - Wikipedia  1474 – July 1521, a Spanish explorer and conquistador. He became the first Governor of Puerto Rico by appointment of the Spanish crown. He led the first known European expedition to La Florida, which he named, and is associated with the legend of the Fountain of Youth, supposed to be in Florida.
The Expedition of Juan Ponce de Leon 1513 - YouTube
Quest For The Fountain Of Youth (SECRET ANCIENT HISTORY DOCUMENTARY) - YouTube
Explorers  |  Florida  |  Puerto Rico  |  Fountain of Youth

14819 181018  Ferdinand and Isabella marry - Oct 18, 1469 - 
c. 1471-1476    Francisco Pizarro
16018 191116  Pizarro traps Incan emperor Atahualpa - Nov 16, 1532 -  ... the end of the Inca Empire and the beginning of the European colonization of South America.
Francisco Pizarro - Wikipedia  c. 1471-1476 – 26 June 1541, a Spanish conquistador who led the Spanish conquest of Peru. He captured and killed Incan emperor Atahualpa, and claimed the lands for Spain. 
Francisco Pizarro: Spanish Conquistador - Fast Facts History - YouTube


born c. December 31, 1491      Jacques Cartier
Jacques Cartier - Explorer - 
Jacques Cartier - Mini Biography - YouTube
Jacques Cartier | French explorer |  born 1491, Saint-Malo, Brittany, France—died September 1, 1557, near Saint-Malo), French mariner, whose explorations of the Canadian coast and the St. Lawrence River (1534, 1535, 1541–42) laid the basis for later French claims to North America (see New France). Cartier also is credited with naming Canada, though he used the name—derived from the Huron-Iroquois kanata, meaning a village or settlement—to refer only to the area around what is now Quebec city.  ...

The Expeditions of Jacques Cartier - YouTube

born c. 1565   Henry Hudson  
Henry Hudson | English navigator and explorer |  c. 1565 - after June 22, 1611
Henry Hudson -
Henry Hudson - Ages of Exploration
Henry Hudson - Wikipedia
  c. 1565-1570  -  1611 (presumed), an English sea explorer and navigator in the early 17th century.
Hudson made two attempts on behalf of English merchants to find a prospective
Northwest Passage to Cathay (today's China) via a route above the Arctic Circle. ...

Henry Hudson - Mini Biography - YouTube
Henry Hudson - Explorer's Hall of Fame Project - YouTube
The Four Voyages of Henry Hudson - YouTube
Explorers  |  Canada  |  New York

born c. 1574     Samuel de Champlain  
Samuel de Champlain - Mini Biography - YouTube
Samuel de Champlain - Diplomat, Explorer -

Samuel de Champlain - Wikipedia  on or before August 13, 1574 – December 25, 1635, "The Father of New France", was a French navigator, cartographer, draftsman, soldier, explorer, geographer, ethnologist, diplomat, and chronicler. He founded New France and Quebec City on July 3, 1608. He is important to Canadian history because he made the first accurate map of the coast and he helped establish the settlements.
Canada  |  Explorer  |  Columbus

10673 160106    c. January 1580 (Jan. 6, 1580)    Happy birthday John Smith!    
John Smith - Explorer -
Two famous Smiths share this birthday. - ReadWriteThink
John Smith (explorer) - Wikipedia  c. January 1580 – 21 June 1631, Admiral of New England, an English soldier, explorer, and author. ... He was considered to have played an important part in the establishment of Jamestown, the first permanent English settlement in North America. He was a leader of the Virginia Colony (based at Jamestown)
Virginia  |  America  

Jamestown (first permanent English settlement in the U.S.) is founded (1607) Note: Jamestown was named after King James of England
5604 140408  Pocahontas and John Rolfe on their wedding day, 400 years since the first one  (Washington Post, Dan Zak, 04/07/2014)  Jamestown, Virginia

14545 180729  Escalante and Dominguez begin expedition - Jul 29, 1776 -
The Domínguez-Escalante Journal University Press Catalog
Dominguez-Escalante Expedition
Dominguez–Escalante expedition - Wikipedia

14524 180722  Alexander Mackenzie reaches the Pacific Ocean - Jul 22, 1793 - ... Twelve years later, the discoveries he made on his “failed” voyage played a key role in President Thomas Jefferson’s decision to send Lewis and Clark on their two-year journey to the Pacific.
born 1764    Alexander Mackenzie

Alexander Mackenzie (explorer) - Wikipedia  1764 – 12 March 1820, a Scottish explorer known for accomplishing the first east to west crossing of North America north of Mexico, which preceded the more famous Lewis and Clark Expedition by 12 years.
Explorers (Columbus Ships)

9046 150418  Lewis & Clark- Great Journey West National Geographic HD - YouTube
The Louisiana Purchase & The Lewis and Clark Expedition - American History, Explained HD - YouTube
Lewis and Clark Biography
Lewis and Clark Expedition - Wikipedia
Louisiana Purchase - Wikipedia
13654 171207  Lewis and Clark temporarily settle in Fort Clatsop - Dec 07, 1805 -
Fort Clatsop - Lewis and Clark National Historical Park (U.S. National Park Service)
Fort Clatsop - Wikipedia
Oregon  |  Columbus Ships  >  Explorers: Lewis and Clark 

8998 150413  April 13, 1743  Happy birthday Thomas Jefferson!
Thomas Jefferson Biography
Thomas Jefferson - Wikipedia  April 13, 1743 – July 4, 1826,
an American Founding Father, the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and the third President of the United States
Jefferson's best moments from John Adams - YouTube
Thomas Jefferson - Mini Biography - YouTube
Thomas Jefferson & His Democracy Crash Course US History #10 - YouTube
President's Day

9983 150818  August 18, 1774  Happy birthday Meriwether Lewis! 
Meriwether Lewis
Meriwether Lewis  Wikipedia  August 18, 1774 – October 11, 1809, an American explorer, soldier, politician, and public administrator, best known for his role as the leader of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, also known as the Corps of Discovery, with William Clark.
Meriwether Lewis' Mysterious Death | Smithsonian

9816 150801  August 1, 1770  Happy birthday William Clark!
William Clark - Wikipedia
  August 1, 1770 - September 1, 1838, an American explorer, soldier, Indian agent, and territorial governor. Along with Meriwether Lewis, Clark helped lead the Lewis and Clark Expedition of 1803 to 1806 across the Louisiana Purchase to the Pacific Ocean, and claimed the Pacific Northwest for the United States.  William Clark
13183 170826   Lewis and Clark promote Patrick Gass to sergeant - Aug 26, 1804 -
Corps of Discovery - Wikipedia
Lewis and Clark Expedition - Wikipedia

born January 21, 1813    John C. Fremont
John C. Fremont reaches the Great Salt Lake - Sep 06, 1844 -
The Conquerors: John C. Fremont - Conqueror of California - YouTube
John C. Frémont - Wikipedia 
January 21, 1813 – July 13, 1890, an American explorer, politician, and soldier who, in 1856, became the first candidate of the anti-slavery Republican Party for the office of President of the United States. During the 1840s, when he led four expeditions into the American West, that era's penny press and admiring historians accorded Frémont the sobriquet The Pathfinder.

Great Basin - Wikipedia  |  Utah  |  California
Georgia  |  South Carolina

9047 150419  Famous Explorers - The Greatest Explorers of All Time 
Top 10 Famous Explorers and Expeditions -
Explorers of North America -
Photos: Columbus Ships  | 
Explorer Will Steger

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